CHARLES OSGOOD: Good morning. I`m Charles Osgood. And this is SUNDAY MORNING.

Mitt Romney has made his choice. He has picked Wisconsin Congressman Paul Ryan to be his vice presidential running mate. This morning, Jan Crawford will have more on Romney`s choice and its impacts.

Then it`s on to a matter of degrees. The experts tell us last month in this country was the hottest July on record. And that means over sweltering and fiddling without thermostats. Those devices have barely changed over the years. But one of the tech`s world`s hottest innovators isn`t satisfied with the thermostat`s status quo. And David Pogue will be reporting our SUNDAY MORNING Cover Story.

DAVID POGUE: Once upon a time, the designer of the iPod told his wife he didn`t like his clunky old thermostat.

TONY FADELL: A thermostat? The iPod guy? Are you crazy?

DAVID POGUE: Now there is a high tech revolution in smart thermostats headed to your living room.

ANN SHAUB: I`m going to set the house to sixty-eight degrees.

DAVID POGUE: In four seconds. And they might just save money, energy and the environment.

Later on SUNDAY MORNING, the every day thermostat enters the digital age. And guess what, it`s is not boring anymore.

CHARLES OSGOOD: Boring. That`s the last word anybody would use to describe the word that`s the focal point of the London Olympics. Love it or hate it, it is a creation of a sculpture of towering ambition. With Martha Teichner, this morning we`ll be paying him a visit.

MARTHA TEICHNER: What do you think? Smart Alec critics in London say Anish Kapoor`s Olympic tower looks like a carnival ride and his cloud gate in Chicago`s Millennium Park, people call it The Bee. Kapoor hates the nickname but he loves playing around with mirrors.

ANISH KAPOOR: It`s a complete deceiving object.

MARTHA TEICHNER: Through the looking glass to the strange wonderland of Anish Kapoor, ahead this SUNDAY MORNING.

CHARLES OSGOOD: From mirrors in the park to the bard in the park. Every summer the master playwright of Elizabethan London makes a guest appearance in modern day New York in a theater as big as all outdoors. Tracy Smith will be taking us front row center.

(Excerpt from Into the Woods)

TRACY SMITH: Is this theatre like any other?

AMY ADAMS: I don`t believe so. None that I`ve ever visited.

TRACY SMITH: Before Amy Adams, there was Al Pacino, Kevin Klein, Meryl Streep, among others. So what keeps them coming back to this open-air theatre in the middle of Central Park?

MERYL STREEP: It`s just like food outdoors, always tastes better. Why? I don`t know. But it does.

TRACY SMITH: Fifty years of the Delacorte Theatre, home of Shakespeare in the Park, later on SUNDAY MORNING.

CHARLES OSGOOD: Just my type is the comeback story of a classical device with pictures from all over and words by our own Bill Geist.

BILL GEIST: Before there was word processing, there were words. And machines called typewriters that put the words on paper.

ERICA: It`s kind of enchanting to have a key and to see the words form right in front of your eyes.

BILL GEIST: But that`s what you`re doing on a computer.

ERICA: Right but when you`re done you just pull the paper up and there`s your words.

BILL GEIST: Now there is something of an underground typewriting renaissance afoot coast to coast, as you`ll see later on SUNDAY MORNING.

CHARLES OSGOOD: Lee Cowan shows us, not Shakespeare but Star Trek in the park. Chip Reid takes us to meet Olympic and World War II hero Lewis Zamperini. David Edelstein reviews the new movie Hope Springs. Those reports and more, but first the headlines for this SUNDAY MORNING the 12th of August, 2012.

As we mentioned, Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney has chosen Congressman Paul Ryan of Wisconsin to be his vice presidential running mate. Not long afterward, Paul Ryan appeared with Romney at a rally in Ashland, Virginia.

REPRESENTATIVE PAUL RYAN: I`ve got some good news and I`ve got some bad news. Why don`t we get rid of the bad news first, okay? President Obama is the President of the United States and the good news is on November the 6th he won`t be any longer.

(Crowd cheering)

CHARLES OSGOOD: Ryan is the author of the House Budget Plan, which Democrats claim would cut spending at the expense of seniors and middle- class Americans. Jan Crawford will have more on Mitt Romney`s selection of Paul Ryan to be his running mate in just few minutes.

Two strong earthquakes devastated parts of northwestern Iran yesterday. State television report that at least six villages were totally leveled. At least two hundred fifty people were reported killed and more than two thousand injured.

With the competition just about over at the London Olympics, the United States has the overall lead in Olympic medals, China is in second place, Russia is third. By the way, the next Summer Games in 2016 will be held in Rio de Janeiro.

A heat wave in the American West is sending thousands to beaches, lakes and air-conditioned shopping malls. California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico and four other western states all reported higher than normal temperatures yesterday. The hot weather is expected to last at least through Tuesday. As for the rest of us it will be a lot cooler in the Northeast but that still means it will be nearly ninety degrees. Storms are likely in the nation`s midsection. The week ahead will see lots of rain in the east and mostly mild weather out West.

Coming up, the forecast is cool.

TONY FADELL: I can just turn it on with just waving my hand. I don`t even have to-- even have to touch it.

CHARLES OSGOOD: But first, just the ticket.


CHARLES OSGOOD: The Republican Convention opens two weeks from tomorrow in Tampa, Florida. And after Mitt Romney`s big announcement in Norfolk, Virginia yesterday the delegates now know the names of both candidates they`ll be putting on the GOP ticket. CBS News political correspondent Jan Crawford was there.

(Begin VT)

JAN CRAWFORD: In Norfolk, Paul Ryan stepped off the retired battleship USS Wisconsin and on to the national stage. It was a bold choice for Mitt Romney.

MITT ROMNEY: There are a lot of people in the other party who might disagree with Paul Ryan. I don`t know of anyone who doesn`t respect his character and judgment.

JAN CRAWFORD: As chairman of the House Budget Committee the seven-term Wisconsin Congressman has hammered a message of fiscal responsibility.

REPRESENTATIVE PAUL RYAN: We are on an unsustainable path that is robbing America of our freedom and security.

JAN CRAWFORD: Now, Romney and Ryan spent the rest of the day in this swing state of Virginia. Ryan fired up the crowds in Ashland, and then later here in Manassas. But for all the enthusiasm that`s on the right the day wasn`t quite perfect.

MITT ROMNEY: Join me in welcoming the next President of the United States, Paul Ryan.

JAN CRAWFORD: Romney had a little trouble introducing his running mate. It was the same mistake then Senator Barack Obama made four years ago, when he introduced his running mate Joe Biden.

PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: The next President-- the next vice president--

MITT ROMNEY: Every now and then I am known to make a mistake.


MITT ROMNEY: I did not make a mistake with this guy.

JAN CRAWFORD: In selecting Ryan, Romney defied conventional wisdom he would play it safe. Ryan is a self-proclaimed young gun in Congress. But he`s also a family man, father of three with deep Midwestern ties.

REPRESENTATIVE PAUL RYAN: My family`s been in this town for five generations.

JAN CRAWFORD: Just two months ago, Ryan introduced Romney to his hometown of Janesville where he grew up and still attends this Catholic Church. When he was in high school, Ryan suffered a life-changing loss, his father died of a heart attack at fifty-five, Ryan was sixteen. He worked his way through school, and at Miami University of Ohio became fascinated with economics. After working in the family business, at age twenty-eight, he ran for Congress and won.

REPRESENTATIVE PAUL RYAN: The President`s policies take us in the wrong direction.

JAN CRAWFORD: As chairman of the House Budget Committee, Ryan crafted a budget with some tough medicine--trillions of dollars in cuts of discretionary spending to help balance the budget and overhaul of the tax code. And most controversial--Medicare reform for those under fifty-five years old.

REPRESENTATIVE PAUL RYAN: Every generation of Americans leaves their children better off. That`s the American legacy.

CROWD (in unison): Yeah.

REPRESENTATIVE PAUL RYAN: Sadly, for the first time in our history, we are on a path which will undo that legacy.

SCOTT ANGUS: He`s a divisive figure and his-- his proposals have, in many people`s minds, been weighed to right.

JAN CRAWFORD: Even still, Janesville Gazette editor, Scott Angus, says the newspaper has endorsed Ryan in all seven of his elections. The Romney campaign is betting America will agree. But either way, Ryan`s nomination resets the race and the conversation.

(End VT)

CHARLES OSGOOD: Coming up, the dawn of the desktop.


CHARLES OSGOOD: And now a page from our SUNDAY MORNING Almanac. August 12, 1981, thirty-one years ago today, the day computers got personal.

(Excerpt from IBM Personal Computer ad)

CHARLES OSGOOD: But that was the day IBM introduced a new product called the IBM 51-50 PC; PC, standing for personal computer. For years, IBM had focused primarily on so-called mainframe computers. Huge contraptions that barely fit into a corporate office or research laboratory, let alone on a desktop.

MAN #1: The first generation of computers that were installed from 1955 to 1960 were originally designed to do scientific and engineering jobs. Characteristically, they had slow information input and output performance, but their computing power was the more Marvell of the 1950s.

CHARLES OSGOOD: Other more modern mainframe computers followed. But when smaller upstart rivals started producing downsized computers for individual use IBM countered with its own model--the personal computer. And even enlisted sales help from a Charlie Chaplin little tramp look alike.

MAN #2: The IBM`s personal computer, not only can it help you plan ahead, it`ll balance your books and give you more time to make do.

CHARLES OSGOOD: IBM desktop and operating system quickly became the industry standard. And the term personal computer became a catchphrase, for a while, at least. Over time, of course, Apple came to challenge the PC with its own distinct operating system, innovative designs and anti- establishment image. More recently yet the desktop has come under siege from smartphones and other mobile devices which are soaring in popularity even as desktop ownership declines; computers that stay with you even when you leave your desk. Personal computing, indeed.

TED (ph): There`s a touch to it that is very smooth and kind of sexy actually.

CHARLES OSGOOD: A word processor free zone just ahead.


CHARLES OSGOOD: Jerry Lewis showing his mastery of an invisible typewriter in the 1963 film, Who`s Minding the Store? And though for most of us the typewriter actually did disappear years ago, there are some left; and two believers who swear it`s just their type. Our Bill Geist has tracked a few of them down.

(Begin VT)

BILL GEIST: It`s not unusual to see a mirage in the desert. But a typewriter repair shop?

BILL WAHL: This is the same machine.

BILL GEIST: Bill Wahl owns this very real shop as his father and grandfather did before him. And when people ask what he does for a living--

BILL WAHL: I said I repair typewriters and they laughed and they said, no, really, what do you do? And I said, no, really, that`s what I do.

BILL GEIST: He also displays them and sells a few at prices up to five hundred dollars.

BILL WAHL: This is a calligraph. This is an interesting machine. There`s no shift key. So you had your lowercase keys.

BILL GEIST: Oh, wow.

BILL WAHL: You had your uppercase keys. And this machine also was an upstrike. The print actually hit underneath. So as you were typing, you had to know what you were doing.

BILL GEIST: You couldn`t see it?

BILL WAHL: You could not see what you were typing as you were typing on this machine.

BILL GEIST: Bad idea, for me.


BILL GEIST: Bill is as surprised as the rest of us that he is still in business.

BILL WAHL: Mid-nineties, a friend says, hey, do you think by year 2000, you`re still going to be doing typewriters? I said, nah, probably not.

BILL GEIST: Then he noticed the beginnings of some sort of typewriter renaissance.

ERICA (ph): I found it at Goodwill for eight--

BILL GEIST: Oh, you did?

ERICA: Yeah. Seven ninety-nine, so.

BILL GEIST: That`s seven dollars and ninety-nine cents.

ERICA: Yes, sir.

BILL GEIST: Did it work?

ERICA: It did except for the L key. So I had to come hunt Bill Wahl down.

BILL GEIST: Erica, twenty-seven, just bought her first.

ERICA: It`s kind of enchanting to hit a key and to see the words form right in front of your eyes.

BILL GEIST: But that`s what you`re doing on the computer.

ERICA: Right. But with this, when you`re done, you just pull the paper up and there`s your words; what you have to say, right in front of you.

BRANDI KOWALSKI (ph): Do you want to go with the red one?

DONNA BRADY (ph): The Remington? Reminds me of a woman with red lipstick and fishnet stockings. That`s what I love about that one.

BILL GEIST: Typewriters have become have become hot items at yard sales and flea markets. Some are coming back to typewriters, some never left, and some are seeing them for the first time.

WOMAN #1: It`s a completely different thing. It`s like learning a musical instrument.

MAN #1: People are text messaging into thin air. And I`ve really just sort of felt the need to be grounded in something that one could actually hold on to. On my typewriter, specifically, I write standing up just to bring me even that much more into the physical moment.

BILL GEIST: Enthusiasts across the country are gathering at type-ins. Why it`s practically a movement?

MICHAEL MCGETTIGAN: Unions have sit-ins. Hippies had be-ins. Let`s have a type-in.

BILL GEIST: Michael McGettigan, typewriter activist, organized this one.

MICHAEL MCGETTIGAN: I think a typewriter makes you think a little bit because those marks you`re putting on the paper just stay there. If you make a mistake, it`s wrong. So it makes you back up and you go, okay.

WOMAN #2: I remembered really quickly like how much I like that dinging sound when you come to the end of the row, and then the feel of like returning the carriage. It`s like really nice.

BILL GEIST: And there are many occasions that call for something more heartfelt than a flighty e-mail.

MAN #2: I think I would write love letters to Elisa (ph). I think that there`s something romantic about sitting down on a typewriter and writing-- writing a letter to somebody.

BRIAN EDNEY (ph): If you need to grab a typewriter, go ahead and grab one and bring it back to your desk right now.

BILL GEIST: Brian Edney is a high school teacher who loves typewriter.

BRIAN EDNEY: As I was sitting on my desk, my students started asking questions about it, like, what is that and what does it do?

MAN #3: I thought it was a new invention.

BILL GEIST: Ho-- honestly? You didn`t know what they were?

MAN #3: No. I`d never seen them before.

BRIAN EDNEY: Spelling definitely improves. Students who are typing on a regular basis were more prone to identify their own spelling mistakes and go back and correct them. I feel like there`s little more craft put in when some of the students were typing.

Okay. You should start thinking about putting the last touches on that sentence that you`re currently working on.

BILL GEIST: Many students have come to like these old relics for reasons of their own.

WOMAN #3: You feel like-- like a real writer, like, I don`t know.

BILL GEIST: And you think that makes your writing better?

WOMAN #3: Yeah.

MATT (ph): Hey, Bill.

BILL WAHL: Hey, Matt. How are you doing?

BILL GEIST: Back at the shop, Bill Wahl is enjoying his career in typewriter repair a lot more these days.

BILL WAHL: It`s got a good typing action.

Thirty years ago, it was a tool. Someone from-- was dragging a machine in from an office and they could care less about it. My customers are all great. Every day I`ve got these very interesting people come into the door. They`re passionate about what they do.

TED (ph): It`s kind of a private fetish, so.


TED: Was.

TORY (ph): About six months--

BILL GEIST: Take Ted and Tory, for example.

TORY: I didn`t particularly care one way or another about typewriters. It was just another machine and he brings home this Hermes 3000 typewriter. This is mint green machine. It`s smooth and curvy and the keys are just bright green and beautiful, and I just kind of fell in love.

TED: If you were a typist, I would let you type on this machine.

BILL GEIST: I`m definitely not.

TED: And you would-- you would understand how sensual working the keys, there`s a touch to it that`s very smooth and kind of sexy actually.

BILL GEIST: Especially when you find when that`s, no pun intended, just your type.

(End VT)

CHARLES OSGOOD: A hot new idea for you home, just ahead.


CHARLES OSGOOD: Whatever the season, keeping your home comfortable is a matter of degrees. And it`s a job for your thermostat. Now after many an unchanging years, some say the time is right for a thermostat makeover. Our Cover Story is reported by David Pogue of The New York Times.


DAVID POGUE: Sooner or later, just about every thing goes digital: the book, the TV, the phone. But one of the world`s most commonplace gadgets has been stuck in time for forty years--the humble thermostat. There is probably one on your wall right now, beige and boring and probably wasting money.

TONY FADELL: Today, only ten percent of thermostats, a quarter billion thermostats in the U.S., are actually programmed to save any energy. That`s because they`ve been too confusing, too cumbersome to program.

TONY FADELL: Joy, joy, how are you doing on the--

DAVID POGUE: Silicon Valley inventor, Tony Fadell, is trying to change all of that. But you are probably more familiar with his earlier pet project-- the iPod.

TONY FADELL: After doing, you know, eighteen generations of the iPod, I was like, okay maybe there is something else to go after and look at. So I-- I took some time off.

DAVID POGUE: He was designing a dream home in Lake Tahoe, ultra modern, ultra green.

TONY FADELL: And then someone in the design team said, here are the thermostats you are going to use in this house. And I was, like, I looked at them and they all looked like nineties beige computers. Then I just said I`m going to start designing one myself.

DAVID POGUE: He came up with this: the Nest thermostat.

TONY FADELL: I can just turn it on with just waving my hands. I don`t even have to-- even have to touch it. This is actually a simpler interface than the iPod. All we have is a ring, a dial and one button.

DAVID POGUE: Oh, you push in on the whole thing.

TONY FADELL: Anywhere on the face. Let`s say we wanted to actually turn on the heat, here we go, we just turned it up. The screen turns red-orange to say it`s starting to heat.

DAVID POGUE: In the summertime, when you turn it to cool, you should have it turn blue.

TONY FADELL: And guess what? We can make that happen. So, let`s do that right now. See there, it is cool.

DAVID POGUE: But here is where things get interesting. You can also adjust the thermostat when you are not home, using an app on your phone. For example, you might want your house to be comfortable by the time you get home from a trip.

I am going to go up to sixty-eight.

TONY FADELL: Sixty-eight. And then it should reflect back here right away.

DAVID POGUE: It just changed to sixty-eight.

TONY FADELL: Sixty-eight.

DAVID POGUE: But maybe the most interesting part of all is that this thermostat can program itself.

You are now actually in the Nest Lab?

TONY FADELL: We`re in the Nest Labs, absolutely.

DAVID POGUE: The thermostat can actually see when people are home.

TONY FADELL: So we`re testing the far-field activity sensor. This is actually simulating a person walking by it.

DAVID POGUE: It`s trying to see if anybody`s home?

TONY FADELL: It`s trying to see if anyone`s home.

DAVID POGUE: By-- by looking out into the room?

TONY FADELL: It scans out into the room.

DAVID POGUE: Over time, those motion and heat sensors let the Nest figure out when you`re out of the house, and it learns your schedule all by itself. Now, all these tech goodness will cost you two-hundred and fifty dollars. But Fadell says you will still come out ahead.

TONY FADELL: If you think about a come thermostat and its life, you`re spending between twelve thousand and fifteen thousand dollars worth of fuel consumed by that thermostat and that heating and cooling system. So, what if you could actually just save five or ten percent of that over the life of that thermostat, you can quickly pay back for the thermostat and reward yourself every year for making a good decision.

DAVID POGUE: Tony Fadell isn`t the only one bringing the thermostat into the digital age.

MAN #1: Go ahead.

DAVID POGUE: Around the country, electric companies like Con Edison in New York City are putting the same idea to work on a massive scale.

So is this the inner sanctum? Is this the beating heart of Con Ed right here?

ADRIANNE ORTIZO: Yes, so this is one of our local distribution centers.

DAVID POGUE: Summertime brings the highest spikes in energy use. In this room, Con Ed managers watch out for imminent blackouts like the terrible one of 2003.

MAN #2: In the dark, there was screaming. In Times Square, at the crossroads of the world, traffic lights were out.

DAVID POGUE: To avoid another meltdown like that one, Con Ed is introducing a new weapon against red lining demand. Adrianne Ortizo manages the program.

ADRIANNE ORTIZO: It`s two-way communicating thermostat. You can control it via a web portal as well as a smartphone.

DAVID POGUE: Like the Nest. Con Ed`s thermostat lets you control your thermostat or even a room air conditioner or fan by remote control.

Wait, did you just do that?

ADRIANNE ORTIZO: I just did that.

DAVID POGUE: You just turned that fan on?

ADRIANNE ORTIZO: I turned the fan on.

MAN #3: The advantage is that I have full control.

DAVID POGUE: Unlike the Nest, Con Ed is giving these thermostats away free; but as you might guess, there is a catch. You are not the only one who gets remote control of your thermostat.

ADRIANNE ORTIZO: There are times of peak energy use in our system, Con Edison will call upon these participants to actually, you know, be part of a demand reduction event.

DAVID POGUE: I mean, you`re going to turn down their air conditioners by remote control?

ADRIANNE ORTIZO: We only raise the temperature to, you know, two to three degrees.

MAN #4: I knew there was more to it.

DAVID POGUE: Well, now that you know how it works, did that change your inclination to do it?

MAN #4: No, I`m willing to do that.

DAVID POGUE: Apparently New Yorkers don`t mind that big brother is cooling them.

MAN #5: As long as I don`t sweat, I don`t care.

DAVID POGUE: Okay. But you-- you can override it. You can say, no, no, no--

MAN #5: Well, I was going to ask you that--

DAVID POGUE: Yeah, you can override it.

MAN #5: So, no matter what, I-- I have control over it.

DAVID POGUE: So why would an electric company try to get its customers to use less of its product?

ADRIANNE ORTIZO: We don`t have to build more infrastructure, you know, or we can at least delay it for a couple of more years. So, that`s less lines in the ground or overhead, you know, maybe not building a new substation.

DAVID POGUE: And is it possible that cumulatively these efforts could prevent a brownout or blackout?

ADRIANNE ORTIZO: Yes, it definitely adds to the reliability of the system.

DAVID POGUE: If you find the notion of smart thermostats just a little bit creepy, well, don`t look now.

Just be clear, your house sends you a text message.

WOMAN #2: My house sends me a text message.

DAVID POGUE: If Verizon has its way, thermostats will be only one part of your house that`s online.

ANN SHAUB: I`m going to set the house to sixty-eight degrees. Because, you know what, there is nothing worse than running around keeping the house when it`s not.

DAVID POGUE: Oho. In four seconds. So it went from your phone to the internet to your house and changed the temperature?

ANN SHAUB: That`s right. The smart house is about how I--

DAVID POGUE: Ann Shaub isn`t just an executive for Verizon`s Connected Home Services, she`s also a guinea pig.

ANN SHAUB: I got a camera. Make sure the TV is not on when it`s not supposed to.

DAVID POGUE: Her home is a showcase for the company`s new home automation services including remote-controlled lights.

Wire on.

ANN SHAUB: Light on.


And door locks.

ANN SHAUB: I can hit lock now, and in five seconds the door is going to actually lock.

DAVID POGUE: And, of course cameras.

ANN SHAUB: So I happen to have fourteen cameras in my house because I`ve no sense of monitoring in my life at all.

DAVID POGUE: Wow. Big mother is watching you.

ANN SHAUB: That`s right.

DAVID POGUE: Now, the goals of all these are lofty: save energy, save money, save effort. But with great technology comes great glitchiness.

ANN SHAUB: It`s a little slow today. What`s going on? I love technology, don`t you?

TONY FADELL: Here, we have six of them here and then--

DAVID POGUE: Even Mister iPod himself, Tony Fadell says there`s more work to be done.

Are you telling me we`ve come to an age when my thermostat needs software updates?

TONY FADELL: These are definitely complicated products and there may be bugs from time to time.

DAVID POGUE: Fortunately, all of these remote-controlled interconnected artificially intelligent thermostats have one really great feature.

When all else fails, you can still use them the old-fashioned way--by turning them with your hand.

(End VT)

CHARLES OSGOOD: Still to come remembering Marvin Hamlisch.

But first, the Olympian who became an unbroken hero.


CHARLES OSGOOD: America`s Olympic champions have done us all proud these past two weeks. Time now to honor another Olympian, a competitor from the past who later went to war and set records for heroism and forgiveness that endured to this day. Chip Reid has his story.

(Begin VT)

LOUIS ZAMPERINI: The house is full of antiques, including me.

CHIP REID: So what else do you have here?

LOUIS ZAMPERINI: This is a-- a Japanese copy of the samurai sword that they decapitate you with.

CHIP REID: Ninety-five-year-old Louis Zamperini`s home is too little to hold memories of a life so large. There are the trophies, honoring his athletic accomplishments.