Polarized micro-cavity organic light-emitting devices.
We present the results of a study of light emissions from a polarized micro-cavity Organic Light-Emitting Device (OLED), which consisted of a flexible, anisotropic one-dimensional (1-D) photonic crystal (PC) film substrate. It is shown that luminous Electroluminescent (EL) emissions from the polarized micro-cavity OLED were produced at relatively low operating voltages. It was also found that the peak wavelengths of the emitted EL light corresponded to the two split eigen modes of the high-energy band edges of the anisotropic PC film, with a strong dependence on the polarization state of the emitting light. For polarization along the ordinary axis of the anisotropic PC film, the optical split micro-cavity modes occurred at the longer high-energy photonic band gap (PBG) edge, while for polarization along the extraordinary axis, the split micro-cavity modes occurred at the shorter high-energy PBG edge, with narrow bandwidths. We demonstrated that the polarization and emission mode of the micro-cavity OLED may be selected by choosing the appropriate optical axis of the anisotropic 1-D PC film.