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Clean-Up Delays, New Contamination Overflows Plague Fukushima

Mon, 10/21/2013 - 12:25pm
Mari Yamaguchi, AP

Tokyo Electric Power Company says that rainwater has overflowed concrete barriers surrounding 12 clusters of tanks storing radiation-contaminated water at the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. The company said it cannot rule out the possibility that contaminated water has reached the Pacific Ocean via drainage conduits near the clusters. TEPCO said it is trying to determine the amounts of water and possible radioactive substances, while stepping up monitoring of barriers around other clusters of tanks.

Earlier this month, TEPCO detected a combined 29,000 becquerels per liter of strontium-90 and other beta ray-emitting substances in a water sample collected on October 6 from within the concrete barrier surrounding one of the 12 clusters. The radiation level was far higher than the allowable limit of 30 becquerels per liter for strontium-90 that nuclear power plant operators are allowed to discharge into the sea.

On October 15, the day before Typhoon Wipha grazed eastern Japan, the Nuclear Regulation Authority told TEPCO it would authorize the Fukushima plant to discharge water from within the barriers only if radiation readings were below 15 becquerels per liter for cesium-134, below 25 becquerels per liter for cesium-137, below 10 becquerels per liter for strontium-90 and other radioactive substances that emit gamma rays were not present. Radioactive water is increasing daily because groundwater is seeping into reactor buildings and mixing with water that is used to cool the three crippled reactors.

In other news related to Fukushima, radiation cleanup in some of the most contaminated towns around the plant is behind schedule. Some residents will have to wait a few more years before returning, Japanese officials said Monday. Environment Ministry officials said they are revising the cleanup schedule for six of 11 municipalities in an exclusion zone from which residents were evacuated after three reactors at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant went into meltdown following the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami. The original plan called for completing all decontamination by next March.

Nobody has been allowed to live in the zone again yet, though the government has allowed day visits to homes and businesses in some places after initial decontamination, said Shigeyoshi Sato, an Environment Ministry official in charge of decontamination. "We will have to extend the cleanup process, by one year, two years or three years, we haven't exactly decided yet," he said.

Sato cited several reasons for the delay, including a lack of space for the waste from the decontamination work. Some residents have opposed dumping the waste in their neighborhoods. The Asahi newspaper reported on Saturday that the government is planning an extension of up to three years in areas such as Iitate, a village northwest of the plant where a highly radioactive plume spread in the first few days of the crisis. Still, an International Atomic Energy Agency mission that visited the Fukushima area last week highlighted the progress Japan has made in the two years since the team's previous visit.

"The main conclusion of the mission is that Japan has achieved important progress," team leader Juan Carlos Lentijo told a news conference in Tokyo on Monday. In a preliminary report released Monday, the team noted good progress in the remediation of farmland in some areas, and monitoring that has shown the land can produce food with levels of radioactivity below the permissible level. It also praised Japan's efforts to involve stakeholders, noting that the leadership of some key local figures has helped gained the trust of their communities.

Lentijo also stressed the need to strengthen communication with the public about the decontamination work and the costs and benefits. The 16-person team of international experts and IAEA staff visited Kawauchi, a village that has been partially opened to residents again. About 40 percent of its population of 3,000 has returned. Beyond decontamination, other challenges in the affected areas include ensuring food safety and jobs.

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