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Carbon Sciences, Inc. (OTCBB: CABN), the developer of a breakthrough technology to recycle carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions into gasoline and other portable fuels, today announced the filing of a patent application for a highly efficient nano-scale CO2-to-fuel reactor, which is the most critical part of the company's CO2-to-Fuel technology.

The company previously announced several important breakthroughs for the commercial viability of its proprietary CO2-to-Fuel technology including: (1) a low energy enzyme based biocatalytic process, and (2) a proprietary enzyme encapsulation technology that increases the life of key enzymes to reduce the cost of fuel production. Carbon Sciences has now successfully incorporated all of these discrete innovations into a self-contained nano-scale CO2-to-Fuel reactor optimized for the efficient transformation of CO2 and H20 molecules into hydrocarbon molecules that are identical to today's transportation fuels.

These nano-scale reactors, called Smart Particles(TM), are the key to achieving a fast reaction time and industrial scale up of the company's CO2-to-Fuel process. The design of Smart Particles is inspired by the way single-cell organisms work. A Smart Particle is based on the concept of synthetic biology and functions like a highly efficient artificial cell that contains proprietary enzyme processes to serve a single purpose — to absorb CO2 molecules and excrete fuel molecules. The patent application for Smart Particle Technology contains the detailed design of Smart Particles, as well as a proprietary manufacturing process where they self-assemble in solution without any external nano-manufacturing.

Dr. Naveed Aslam, the company's chief technology officer, commented, "We are very excited about our Smart Particle Technology. Previous enzyme approaches to transform CO2 into fuel work in laboratory experiments, but fall short of a design for industrial scale up. Our Smart Particle Technology is a major breakthrough that solves the scale up problem and will be the key to our industrial scale, low energy, low cost, and highly efficient CO2-to-Fuel process. Based on our initial analysis, each newly created Smart Particle can function for over a year and can transform CO2 into fuel in a reaction time of minutes."

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